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Priority Research Centre for Computer-Assisted
Research Mathematics and its Applications



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CARMA-Sponsored Seminar Series: Colloquia, Seminars and More.


[Note: events are listed by ascending date.]
  • CARMA COLLOQUIUM
  • Speaker: Professor Yann Bugeaud, Mathématiques , Université de Strasbourg
  • Title: On the decimal expansion of $\log (2019/2018)$ and $e$
  • Location: Room SR202, SR Building (Callaghan Campus) The University of Newcastle
  • Time and Date: 4:00 pm, Thu, 4th Apr 2019
  • Abstract:
    It is commonly expected that $e$, $\log 2$, $\sqrt{2}$, among other « classical » numbers, behave, in many respects, like almost all real numbers. For instance, their decimal expansion should contain every finite block of digits from $\{0, \ldots , 9\}$. We are very far away from establishing such a strong assertion. However, there has been some small recent progress in that direction. Let $\xi$ be an irrational real number. Its irrationality exponent, denoted by $\mu (\xi)$, is the supremum of the real numbers $\mu$ for which there are infinitely many integer pairs $(p, q)$ such that $|\xi - \frac{p}{q}| < q^{-\mu}$. It measures the quality of approximation to $\xi$ by rationals. We always have $\mu (\xi) \ge 2$, with equality for almost all real numbers and for irrational algebraic numbers (by Roth's theorem). We prove that, if the irrationality exponent of $\xi$ is equal to $2$ or slightly greater than $2$, then the decimal expansion of $\xi$ cannot be `too simple', in a suitable sense. Our result applies, among other classical numbers, to badly approximable numbers, non-zero rational powers of ${{\rm e}}$, and $\log (1 + \frac{1}{a})$, provided that the integer $a$ is sufficiently large. It establishes an unexpected connection between the irrationality exponent of a real number and its decimal expansion.
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  • CARMA COLLOQUIUM
  • Speaker: A/Prof Alessandro Toffoli, The University of Melbourne
  • Title: Sailing through a polar cyclone to witnes the fierceness of the Southern Ocean: there and back again
  • Location: Room SR202, SR Building (Callaghan Campus) The University of Newcastle
  • Time and Date: 2:00 pm, Thu, 11th Apr 2019
  • Abstract:
    Sea ice acts as a refrigerator for the world. Its bright surface reflects solar heat, and the salt it expels during the freezing process drives cold water towards the equator. As a result, sea ice plays a crucial role in our climate system. Antarctic sea-ice extent has shown a large degree of regional variability, in stark contrast with the steady decreasing trend found in the Arctic. This variability is within the ranges of natural fluctuations, and may be ascribed to the high incidence of weather extremes, like intense cyclones, that give rise to large waves, significant wind drag, and ice deformation. The role exerted by waves on sea ice is still particular enigmatic and it has attracted a lot of attention over the past years. Starting from theoretical knowledge, new understanding based on experimental models and computational fluid dynamics is presented. But exploration of waves-in-ice cannot be exhausted without being on the field. And this is why I found myself in the middle of the Southern Ocean during a category five polar cyclone to measure waves…
  • This talk will take place at 2pm, not the standard time.
  • [Permanent event link]

  • CARMA COLLOQUIUM
  • Speaker: Dr Scott Lindstrom, Hong Kong Polytechnic University
  • Title: Optimisation models for data science and machine learning
  • Location: Room SR202, SR Building (Callaghan Campus) The University of Newcastle
  • Time and Date: 4:00 pm, Thu, 18th Apr 2019
  • Abstract:
    We discuss various optimisation-based approaches to machine learning. Tasks include regression, clustering, and classification. We discuss frequently used terms like 'unsupervised learning,' 'penalty methods,' and 'dual problem.' We motivate our discussion with simple examples and visualisations.
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  • CARMA COLLOQUIUM
  • Speaker: A/Prof Duangkamon Baowan, Department of Mathematics, Mahidol University
  • Title: Calculus of variations and the bending of carbon nanostructures
  • Location: Room SR202, SR Building (Callaghan Campus) The University of Newcastle
  • Time and Date: 4:00 pm, Wed, 24th Apr 2019
  • Abstract:
    Calculus of variations is utilized to minimize the elastic energy arising from the curvature squared while maximizing the van der Waals energy. Firstly, the shape of folded graphene sheets is investigated, and an arbitrary constant arising by integrating the Euler–Lagrange equation is determined. In this study, the structure is assumed to have a translational symmetry along the fold, so that the problem may be reduced to a two dimensional problem with reflective symmetry across the fold. Secondly, both variational calculus technique and least squared minimization procedure are employed to determine the joining structure involved a C60 fullerene and a carbon nanotube, namely a nanobud. We find that these two methods are in reasonable overall agreement. However, there is no experimental or simulation data to determine which procedure gives the more realistic results.
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