
CARMASponsored Seminar Series: Colloquia, Seminars and More.

[Note: events are listed by descending date.]
 ZERODIMENSIONAL SYMMETRY SEMINAR
 Speaker: Mr Davide Spriano, ETH Zürich
 Title: Convexity and generalization of hyperbolicity
 Location: Room MC102, McMullin (Callaghan Campus) The University of Newcastle
 Time and Date: 2:00 pm, Tue, 11^{th} Dec 2018
 Abstract:
Almost by definition, the main tool and goal of Geometric Group Theory is to find and exploit correspondences between geometric and algebraic features of groups. Following this philosophy, I will focus on the question: what does it mean for a sub(space/group) to "sit nicely" inside a bigger (space/group)?
Focusing on groups, for a subgroup H of a group G, possible answers for the above question are when the subgroup H is: quasiisometrically embedded, undistorted, normal/malnormal, finitely generated, geometrically separated...
Many of the above are equivalent when H is a quasiconvex subgroup of a hyperbolic group G, providing very successful correspondences between geometric and algebraic properties of subgroups.
The goal of this talk is to review quasiconvexity in hyperbolic spaces and try to generalize several of those features in a broader setting, namely the class of hierarchically hyperbolic groups (HHG). This is a joint work with Hung C. Tran and Jacob Russell.
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 ZERODIMENSIONAL SYMMETRY SEMINAR
 Speaker: Alejandra Garrido, The University of Newcastle
 Title: Hausdorff dimension and normal subgroups of freelike prop groups
 Location: Room LG 17, McMullin (Callaghan Campus) The University of Newcastle
 Time and Date: 2:00 pm, Tue, 27^{th} Nov 2018
 Abstract:
Hausdorff dimension has become a standard tool to measure the "size" of fractals in real space. However, it can be defined on any metric space and therefore can be used to measure the "size" of subgroups of, say, prop groups (with respect to a chosen metric). This line of investigation was started 20 years ago by Barnea and Shalev, who showed that padic analytic groups do not have any "fractal" subgroups, and asked whether this characterises them among finitely generated prop groups.
I will explain what all of this means and report on joint work with Oihana Garaialde and Benjamin Klopsch in which, while trying to solve this problem, we ended up showing an analogue of a theorem of Schreier in the context of prop groups of positive rank gradient: any finitely generated infinite normal subgroup of a prop group of positive rank gradient is of finite index. I will also explain what "positive rank gradient" means, and why prop groups with such a property are "freelike".
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 ZERODIMENSIONAL SYMMETRY SEMINAR
 Speaker: Dr Thibaut Dumont, University of Jyväskylä
 Title: Cocycles on trees and piecewise translation action on locally compact groups
 Location: Room MC110, McMullin Building (Callaghan Campus) The University of Newcastle
 Time and Date: 2:00 pm, Tue, 20^{th} Nov 2018
 Abstract:
In the first part of this seminar, I will present some geometric cocycles associated to trees and ways to compute their norms. Similar construction exists for Euclidean buildings but no satisfactory estimates of the norm is currently known. In the second part, I will discuss some ongoing research with Thibaut Pillon on actions the infinite cyclic group by piecewise translations on locally compact group. Piecewise translation actions have been well studied for finitely generated groups, e.g. by Whyte, and provide positive answers to the vonNeumannDay problem or the Burnside problem. The generalization to LCgroups was introduced by Schneider. The topic seems to have interesting implications for tdlcgroups
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 ZERODIMENSIONAL SYMMETRY SEMINAR
 Speaker: Anne Thomas, The University of Sydney
 Title: Divergence in rightangled Coxeter groups
 Location: Room MC102, McMullin (Callaghan Campus) The University of Newcastle
 Time and Date: 2:00 pm, Mon, 12^{th} Nov 2018
 Abstract:
The divergence of a pair of geodesics in a metric space measures how fast they spread apart. For example, in Euclidean space all pairs of geodesics diverge linearly, while in hyperbolic space all pairs of geodesics diverge exponentially. In the 1980s Gromov proved that in symmetric spaces of noncompact type, the only possible divergence
rates are linear or exponential, and he asked whether the same dichotomy holds in CAT(0) spaces. Soon afterwards, Gersten used these ideas to define a
quasiisometry invariant, also called divergence, which measures the "worst" rate of divergence. Gersten and others have since found many examples of finitely generated
groups with quadratic divergence. We study divergence in rightangled Coxeter groups with trianglefree defining graphs. Using the structure of certain flats in the
associated Davis complex, which is a CAT(0) square complex, we characterise such groups with linear and quadratic divergence, and construct examples of rightangled
Coxeter groups with divergence polynomial of arbitrary degree. This is joint work with Pallavi Dani (Louisiana State University).
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 ZERODIMENSIONAL SYMMETRY SEMINAR
 Speaker: Alejandra Garrido, The University of Newcastle
 Title: Maximal subgroups of some groups of intermediate growth
 Location: Room LG 17, McMullin (Callaghan Campus) The University of Newcastle
 Time and Date: 2:00 pm, Tue, 16^{th} Oct 2018
 Abstract:
Given a group one of the most natural things one can study about it is its subgroup lattice, and the maximal subgroups take a prominent role. If the group is infinite, one can ask whether all maximal subgroups have finite index or whether there are some (and how many) of infinite index. After telling some historical developments on this question, I will motivate the study of maximal subgroups of groups of intermediate growth and report on joint work with Dominik Francoeur where we give a complete description of all maximal subgroups of some "siblings" of Grigorchuk's group.
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 ZERODIMENSIONAL SYMMETRY SEMINAR
 The Group CoWord Problem
 Speaker: Mr Alex Bishop, University of Technology Sydney
 Title: The Group CoWord Problem
 Location: Room LG 17, McMullin (Callaghan Campus) The University of Newcastle
 Time and Date: 2:00 pm, Tue, 2^{nd} Oct 2018
 Abstract:
In this talk, we will introduce a class of tree automorphism groups known as bounded automata. From this definition, we will see that many of the interesting examples of selfsimilar groups in the literature are members of this class.
A problem in group theory is classifying groups based on the difficulty of solving their coword problems, that is, classifying them by the computational difficulty to decide if a word is not equivalent to the identity. Some wellknown results in this study are that a group has a coword problem given by a regular language if and only if it is finite, a deterministic contextfree language if and only if it is virtually free, and a deterministic onecounter machine if and only if it is virtually cyclic. Each of these language classes corresponds to a natural and wellstudied model of computation.
We will show that the class of bounded automata groups has a coword problem given by an ET0L language – a class of formal language which has recently gained popularity in areas of group theory. This strengthens a recent result of Holt and Röver (who showed this result for a less restrictive class of language) and extends a result of CiobanuElderFerov (who proved this result for the first Grigorchuk group).
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 ZERODIMENSIONAL SYMMETRY SEMINAR
 Speaker: Mr Timothy Bywaters, The University of Sydney
 Title: Spaces at infinity for hyperbolic totally disconnected locally compact groups
 Location: Room LG 17, McMullin (Callaghan Campus) The University of Newcastle
 Time and Date: 2:00 pm, Tue, 25^{th} Sep 2018
 Abstract:
Every compactly generated t.d.l.c. group acts vertex transitively on a locally finite graph with compact open vertex stabilisers. Such a graph is called a rough Cayley graph and, up to quasiisometry, is an invariant for the group. This allows us to define Gromov hyperbolic t.d.l.c. groups and their Gromov boundary in a way analogous to the finitely generated case.
The space of directions of a t.d.l.c. group is a metric space 'at infinity' obtained by analysing the action of the group on the set of compact open subgroups. It is particularly useful for detecting flat subgroups, think subgroups that look like $\mathbb{Z}^n$.
In my talk, I will introduce these two concepts of boundary and give some new results which relate them. Time permitting, I may also give details about the proofs.
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 ZERODIMENSIONAL SYMMETRY SEMINAR
 Speaker: Dr Colin Reid, CARMA, The University of Newcastle
 Title: Endomorphisms of profinite groups
 Location: Room MC102, McMullin (Callaghan Campus) The University of Newcastle
 Time and Date: 2:00 pm, Mon, 10^{th} Sep 2018
 Abstract:
Given a profinite group $G$, we can consider the semigroup $\mathrm{End}(G)$ of continuous homomorphisms from $G$ to itself. In general $\lambda \in\mathrm{End}(G)$ can be
injective but not surjective, or vice versa: consider for instance the case when $G$ is the group $F_p[[t]$ of formal power series over a finite field, $n$ is an integer, and
$\lambda_n$ is the continuous endomorphism that sends $t^k$ to $t^{k+n}$ if $k+n \ge 0$ and $0$ otherwise. However, when $G$ has only finitely many open subgroups of each
index (for instance, if $G$ is finitely generated), the structure of endomorphisms is much more restricted: given $\lambda \in\mathrm{End}(G)$, then $G$ can be written as a
semidirect product $N \rtimes H$ of closed subgroups, where $\lambda$ acts as an automorphism on $H$ and a contracting endomorphism on $N$. When $\lambda$ is open and
injective, the structure of $N$ can be restricted further using results of Glöckner and Willis (including the very recent progress that George told us about a few weeks ago). This
puts some restrictions on the profinite groups that can appear as a '$V_+$' group for an automorphism of a t.d.l.c. group.
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 ZERODIMENSIONAL SYMMETRY SEMINAR
 Speaker: Dr Stephan Tornier, The University of Newcastle
 Title: An introduction to selfsimilar groups
 Location: Room MC102, McMullin (Callaghan Campus) The University of Newcastle
 Time and Date: 2:00 pm, Mon, 3^{rd} Sep 2018
 Abstract:
We introduce the notion of selfsimilarity for groups acting on regular rooted trees as well as their description using automata and wreath iteration. Following the definition of Grigorchuk's group we show that it is an infinite, finitely generated 2group. The proof illustrates the use of selfsimilarity.
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 ZERODIMENSIONAL SYMMETRY SEMINAR
 Speaker: ARC Laureate Fellow George Willis, CARMA, The University of Newcastle
 Title: Locally prop contraction groups are nilpotent
 Location: Room MC102, McMullin (Callaghan Campus) The University of Newcastle
 Dates: Mon, 20^{th} Aug 2018  Mon, 20^{th} Aug 2018
 Abstract:
See here for an abstract.
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 ZERODIMENSIONAL SYMMETRY SEMINAR
 Speaker: Dr Michal Ferov, CARMA, The University of Newcastle
 Title: Separating cyclic subgroups in graph products of groups
 Location: Room MC102, McMullin (Callaghan Campus) The University of Newcastle
 Dates: Mon, 13^{th} Aug 2018  Mon, 13^{th} Aug 2018
 Abstract:
(joint work with Federico Berlai) A natural way to study infinite groups is via looking at their finite quotients. A subset S of a group G is then said to be (finitely) separable in G if we can recognise it in some finite quotient of G, meaning that for every g outside of S there is a finite quotient of G such that the image of g under the canonical projection does not belong to the image of S. We can then describe classes of groups by specifying which types of subsets do we require to be separable: residually finite groups have separable singletons, conjugacy separable groups have separable conjugacy classes of elements, cyclic subgroup separable groups have separable cyclic subgroups and so on... We could also restrict our attention only to some class of quotients, such as finite pgroups, solvable, alternating... Properties of this type are called separability properties. In case when the class of admissible quotients has reasonable closure properties we can use topological methods.
We prove that the property of being cyclic subgroup separable, that is having all cyclic subgroups closed in the profinite topology, is preserved under forming graph products.
Furthermore, we develop the tools to study the analogous question in the prop case. For a wide class of groups we show that the relevant cyclic subgroups  which are called pisolated  are closed in the prop topology of the graph product. In particular, we show that every pisolated cyclic subgroup of a rightangled Artin group is closed in the prop topology and, consequently, we show that maximal cyclic subgroups of a rightangled Artin group are pseparable for every p.
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